You will choose ONE work of art at any museum or gallery. Write a two-page, double spaced formal analysis about this piece in MLA format while using vocabulary from the elements and principles of art. Your paper should have a cover page with your name and title of paper.
• When taking a picture do not use flash
• Do not touch the art
• Keep a safe distance from the art
• Do not bring large bags, umbrellas or beverages
• Do not talk loudly, turn you cell phones on silent
• Improve written and oral communication skills
• Enhance critical thinking skills
• Improve teamwork skills
Museums in DFW:
Kimbell Art Museum
3333 Camp Bowie Blvd, Fort Worth, TX 76107
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth
3200 Darnell St, Fort Worth, TX 76107
Dallas Museum of Art
1717 North Harwood
Dallas, Texas 75201
Crow Collection of Asian Art
2010 Flora St
Dallas, TX 75201
Arlington Museum of Art
201 W Main St.
Arlington, TX 76010
Elements of Art
Line: The path of a moving point made by a tool, instrument or medium as it moves across an area. Line is the foundation of all drawing. Line in an artwork can be used to suggest shape, pattern, form, structure, growth, depth, distance, rhythm and movement.
Types of Line:
Curved Lines suggest comfort and ease
Horizontal Lines suggest distance and rest
Vertical Lines suggest height and strength
Diagonal Lines are dramatic and suggest action
Jagged Lines suggest turmoil and anxiety
Implied Line: A line that dims, fades, stops, and/or disappears. The missing portion of the line is implied to continue and its visually completed by the observer.
The way Lines are rendered can convey different expressive qualities:
Freehand Lines: energy, whimsy
Mechanical Lines: rigid control
Whimsical Lines: Spontaneously fanciful or playful line.
Shape and mass can be created by line, texture and color change.
Shape: 2-dimensional form that occupies an area with identifiable boundaries.
Mass: 3-dimensional form that occupies a volume of space with identifiable boundaries.
Types of Shape:
Geometric Forms can be mathematically defined.
Organic Forms are irregular and suggest forms found in nature.
Actual Shape: clearly defined positive area
Amorphous Shape: A shape without shape or clarity
Implied shape: A shape suggested or created by the psychological connection of dots, lines, areas or their edges creating the appearance of a shape that does not physically exist.
Relative degree of light or dark. The characteristic of color determined by relative light or dark or the quantity of light reflected by the color.
Chiaroscuro: Italian for light/dark; contrasts of light and shadow.
Shading/Modeling: Using chiaroscuro or values to create mass.
Primary Colors: Yellow, Red, Blue
Secondary Colors: Orange, Green, Violet
Tertiary Colors: yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, red-orange
Warm Colors: located on red-orange side of the color wheel
Cool Colors: located on the blue-green side of the color wheel.
Tint: adding white to a pigmented color.
Shade: adding black to a color
Color scheme: the selective use of 2 or more colors in a single composition.
Monochromatic: Variations of the same hue.
Complementary: Hues directly opposite on the color wheel.
Analogous: Adjacent hues on the color wheel.
Triadic: 3 equidistant hues on the color wheel.
Emotional responses to color are both culturally conditioned and intensely personal.
Texture and pattern are the perceived surface qualities of a work of art. They can be actual or implied.
Actual texture: A tactile experience.
Implied texture: An illusionary experience.
Pattern: Any decorative, repetitive motif or design.
Space interacts with other visual elements and helps give them definition. There exists both negative (ground) and positive (figure) space.
Two-dimensional space has only height and width.
Three-dimensional space has height, width, and depth.
Implied Space: Includes overlapping and position (foreground, middle-ground, background)
Illusionistic Space: Includes foreshortening, linear, isometric, and atmospheric perspective
Principles of Art
Composition: the organization of all the visual elements within a work of art.
Unity: The sense of oneness, of things belonging together and making up a coherent whole.
Variety: Differences that provide interest and contrast.
Visual Unity: Based on using the visual elements.
Conceptual Unity: Created through tying a group of ideas together.
Visual Weight: Refers to an apparent “heaviness” or “lightness” of forms arranged in a composition. When visual weight is equally distributed to either side of the implied center of gravity a composition is felt to be visually balanced.
Symmetrical Balance: Mirror image of shapes/forms on either side of an imaginary axial dividing line; elements correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement.
Relieved/Approximate Symmetry: Slight differences between axial areas of a work of art.
Asymmetrical Balance: Two sides that do not correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement.
Emphasis and Subordination:
Emphasis: The viewer’s attention will be centered more on certain parts of the composition than on others.
Focal point: A specific spot to which one’s attention is directed.
Subordination: A less visually interesting area.
Scale and Proportion:
Scale: Size in relation to a constant or “normal” size.
Proportion: Refers to size relationships between parts of a whole or between two or more items perceived as a unit.
Hierarchical Scale: Using size change to indicate relative importance.
Rhythm is based in repetition and is a basic part of our world.
Visual Rhythm: Depends on the repetition of accented elements, usually shapes.
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