Explain two fairly recent developments that have had a significant positive impact on the successful investigation of crimes.

Part B: Answer each of the following questions with a brief response in one to four sentences.

4- Explain two fairly recent developments that have had a significant positive impact on the successful investigation of crimes.

5- Explain how the law shapes and defines police subculture.

6- The legislative branch has the power to control police behavior. This can be in response to negative community reaction to police activity or other outside influences. Explain how the legislative branch can effectively control police operations.

7- Explain how police use pretextual stops to investigate other crime. What the pretextual stop?

8- Police corruption is a problem that plagues our country today. Detail the most problematic form of police corruption and explain its dynamics .

9- Secrecy is a central organizing concept of police subculture. When is the police code of silence? What factors facilitate this code?

10- Explain the concept of negligent failure to protect as a relates to police liability.